Setting up an FTP server on Windows Server 2016

The instructions describe the process of installing and configuring the FTP server on virtual machines run by the Windows Server 2016 operating system, setting up the work of the firewall and dividing the access area for different users.

What it is?

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is an abbreviation of File Transfer Protocol. As the name implies, FTP is used to transfer files between machines on a network. You can use FTP to share files between a local PC and a remote server and to access online software archives.

Our manual will consider the option of installing an FTP server as an IIS web server role, alternatively, you can use other software, for example, FileZilla Server, Titan FTP Server, Home Ftp Server, Ocean FTP Server.

Installing FTP server on Windows server

Open the Windows Server Control Panel and find the Add roles and features.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add role

As the installation type, specify Role-based or feature-based installation.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- select type

Select your server from the server pool.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- select server

In the next window, check the IIS web server.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- check box IIS

In the window that opens, click Add features.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add features

In the next window Features do not select anything.

Next in the Role services window, check the FTP server.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add role FTP

Install all selected features on the server using the Install button.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- confirmation

Creating an FTP site on a Windows server

Open IIS Manager. Right-click on Sites and select Add FTP Site from the menu.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- start IIS

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add FTP site

Enter the site name and path to the directory.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add FTP site name

Next, select your IP address in the drop-down list. For encryption, check No SSL.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add FTP site ip

In the next window, select Basic for authentication. Authorization - Specified roles or groups, enter the name of the group of FTP users (example of creation below). Check the desired read and write permissions and click the Finish button.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add FTP site authentication

Your website will appear in the tree structure of the Windows web server.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- add FTP site resault

Create user group

Creating a Windows group is necessary to determine the users who will have access to the ftp server. Open Computer Management. In the menu on the right, select Groups. Use the right mouse button to create a new group (New Group).

Setup FTP Win2016 -- create user group - add new

In the window that opens, enter the name of the group, a description if necessary. To add a user, click Add.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- create user group - add name

Enter a name in the input field, to check it, click Check Names. If Windows users exist, click Ok.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- create user group - check

After everything is added, create a group using the Create button.

User isolation

In order for each user to get to his own directory and not have access to other files after connecting to the server, it is necessary to set up isolation. To do this, open your ftp site settings and select FTP User Isolation.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation

Select the User name directory and click Apply.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation user name

Then, using the right mouse button, open the menu of your ftp site and select Add Virtual Directory.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation add virtual directory

In the Alias field, enter a nickname or name, in the path field enter the path to the user directory, to do this, create a subdirectory in the ftp site directory on your Windows server. Click Ok.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation add alias

To configure permissions in IIS Manager, expand the hierarchical structure of your ftp server. Using the right mouse button, open the Windows virtual directory menu and select Edit Permission.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation edit permissions

Click the Security tab and click the Advanced button.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation security

In the window that opens, click the Disable inheritance button, select the first option in the new window, and then click Apply - Ok.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation disable intf

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation block inheritance.png

Return to the Security tab and click the Edit button.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation security edit

Select the Users group in which all users are located and click the Remove button. This is necessary so that only the owner of the directory has access to it.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation security remove users

Now add a Windows user who will have full access to the directory. Click the Add button.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation security add user

Enter the username of the virtual directory in the input field, to check it, click Check Names. If users exist, click Ok.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation security add user name

Next you need to add rights for complete control of the directory. Select the created user and check all fields Allow (Permissions).

Setup FTP Win2016 -- user isolation security add user rights

Next, click Apply - Ok.

Firewall Setup

For an external connection to the ftp server, you must configure the firewall. To do this, open Windows Firewall with Advanced Security. In the vertical menu on the left, select Inbound rules, then in the vertical menu on the right New Rule.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- Firewall setup - new rule

In the window that opens, check the Predefined type and select FTP Server from the drop-down list. Click Next.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- Firewall setup - new rule type

Tick all the lines and click Next.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- Firewall setup - perdefined rules

In the next step, select Allow the connection and click Finish. For these rules to take effect - restart the server.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- Firewall setup - new rule finish

Connect to an FTP server

You can connect to an FTP server in several ways, for example, through the standard Windows utility - Explorer, or through the FileZilla program.

Consider connecting through Explorer. In the address bar, enter:

ftp: // ip address

For example,

ftp://83.166.245.89

The login and password input window will open, specify the connection data from the server control panel.

Setup FTP Win2016 -- connect to FTP server

Note: The IIS web server allows you to flexibly configure the connection to the FTP server, for example, to divide the visibility of space for different users, to enable anonymous access and to configure permissions.

 

As a result, you will see the contents of the FTP server folder:

Setup FTP Win2016 -- connect to FTP server result

Note: the built-in ftp server of the IIS web server has many features, such as: user isolation, SSL support, restriction of login attempts to the server, logging with various parameters.